When America's frontier was in Virginia

Looms, wigwams, copper kettles and pack mules. How Europeans, west Africans and indigenous people got by both in their places of origin and on the American frontier — when the Appalachian Mountains were on the edge of the frontier.

Michael Schuman graduated cum laude from Syracuse University in 1975 and received an MFA in professional writing from the University of Southern California in 1977. He lives with his family in New England and can be reached at mschuman@ne.rr.com.